Unethical authorship practices have become increasingly common in academia in recent years. Inappropriate listing of someone as a co-author may be innocent. It could be due to a misunderstanding over what counts as a contribution worthy of authorship credit as opposed to an acknowledgment. However, unethical practices such as “gift authorship” raise serious concerns for journal editors.
The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) defines gift authorship as “when somebody who has made little or no contribution to a research project or publication is included as an author”. This practice is often a benign mistake. For example, an inexperienced author may believe a co-author credit is necessary if their work builds on a more senior figure’s research.
Less innocently, researchers may add academic heavyweight co-authors to their paper in the belief that reviewers will judge it more favorably. Both practices are inappropriate. Careful checking of co-author details is the first step toward educating inexperienced academics on correct practices.
Read the Taylor & Francis Editorial Policies on authorship.
How to manage co-author verification
To prevent delays, double-check the validity of all co-authors’ contact details at the submission stage. If you spot any disputes or inconsistencies, you can refer back to the authors for resolution before investing editor time. After all, it is the Corresponding Author’s responsibility to ensure that all co-authors consent to being named as such before submission for peer review.
The ScholarOne submission system can send an email alert to each listed co-author when a new manuscript is submitted. This email notifies them that a paper has been submitted in their name. This presents a valuable opportunity for authors to respond if they have been named on a paper without their approval. As such, we encourage editors to enable this feature if it isn’t already in place.
If the co-author email address is incorrect, or “dead”, the alert will not send. In such cases, a delivery failure notification or “email bounce-back” will be generated. If you receive one of these “bounce-back” emails, ask the submitting author for a current, valid email address for the co-author. Preferably, they should supply contact details for the co-author’s institutional address.
What if a paper has only the submitting author named in the Co-Author List but additional names in the manuscript itself? In this case, unsubmit the paper and return it to the corresponding author, asking them for full contact details for each co-author.
Not submitting a paper is not the same as rejecting it. The submission form and manuscript documents will all be saved in their Author Centre under “Unsubmitted Manuscripts”. This allows the author to add any missing details before resubmitting the paper.
Checking co-author details in ScholarOne
How do you double-check co-author details in ScholarOne? What action should you take if the information given by the Corresponding Author is wrong? Here is the step-by-step guide.
If the co-authors are missing from the manuscript details in ScholarOne:
- Click the “Manuscript Files” tab to Unsubmit the paper, returning it to the corresponding author.
- In the accompanying email, explain the reasons behind your decision to unsubmit. Outline the steps they should take to correct any problems and resubmit the paper. See our top tip.
If the co-authors’ contact details are incorrect, there are author email delivery failures in the journal inbox, or the co-authors’ email addresses appear to belong to the corresponding author (e.g., the corresponding author is called Jim Jones and co-author Joe Bloggs has an email address [email protected]):
- Email the Corresponding Author requesting the correct contact details of the co-authors. See our top tip.
If the co-authors have been added, removed, or rearranged from the authors’ list of a revised or accepted manuscript:
- The Corresponding Author should include in their cover letter the reason why an author should be added or removed, or why the names need to be rearranged.
- The co-authors should provide a written confirmation that they agree with the addition, removal, or rearrangement of authors.
All correspondence should be recorded in the Audit Trail in ScholarOne.