Peer review is the independent assessment of a research paper by experts in the field. Its purpose is to evaluate a manuscript’s quality and suitability for publication.
Even for very specialist journals, the editor can’t be an expert on the topic of every article submitted. So, the comments of carefully selected reviewers – like you – are an essential guide for the editor’s decision on a manuscript.
Clarivate analytics – Publons’ 2018 Global Reviewer Survey found that 98% of respondents consider peer review either important (31.2%) or extremely important (66.8%) for ensuring the general quality and integrity of scholarly communication.
Peer review is also a very useful source of feedback for authors, allowing them to receive constructive support to advance their work. A 2015 Taylor & Francis study found that most researchers, across all subject areas, rated the contribution of peer review towards improving their article as 8 or above out of 10.